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tiny house maintenance is low - build tiny

Unconventional multi-use?

frying pan propped up on deck - tiny houses are low maintenance - build tiny and enjoy your leisureI shoveled my tiny front porch with my frying pan. This should sound crazy, but it seemed perfectly normal.

I am living in my tiny house; I named it Chickadee. The bird themed name seemed a natural choice coming from a Robin.

Now you see my double doors open out, a wonderful, space saving design decision that has just one drawback, snow.

And yesterday it snowed.

I love snow days. Not a bunch of them but just one or two each winter. It is my down time. I am a builder and I spend almost every day outdoors. That is exactly how I choose to live. I wouldn’t have it any other way. But every once in awhile I like to have a day or two that I can read a book or even work on work stuff inside while it is still light out. I am a very logical and practical person, so if it is light out I feel as though I should be out there working on something. Or riding my horse, or something that takes advantage of the ability to be outdoors.

Now the snow doesn’t preclude me from being outside, I actually like to be out in it sometimes. But when it is snowy and blowing and so cold that even the dogs don’t want to go out, I turn into a house cat. I want to be curled up in a warm house with a book or drawing paper.

But I have out-swing doors.

The last thing I wanted to do was bundle up in a bunch of outdoor wear and trek out to my shop and get a shovel and trek back and spend 2 seconds shoveling the snow off my tiny porch. So as I was finishing the eggs I had prepared an idea came to me. It may have stemmed from the memory of my mom “mowing” our tiny condo backyard with her scissors. She could not afford a mower and she enjoyed a manicured lawn so she created a space with what she had. She was also logical and practical.

I had a frying pan.

I knew I would not have to bundle up to just step out the door and quickly pan the snow off the porch, but I did replace my slippers with some boots. It took about 2 minutes and the porch was cleared and as an added benefit, the frying pan was clean too.

Today the snow has ceased and the porch is clear, but the wind is still blowing.

Surely one more day inside is going to be alright.

Toilets and Tiny Houses

It seems inevitable that whenever a group of tiny house enthusiasts gets together, someone is going to bring up the topic of plumbing — and specifically toilets — pretty quickly. (One friend of Build Tiny may never live down the nickname Toilet Tim, thanks to his relentless questions about the merits of composting toilets at a workshop…) Your first conversation about tiny house toilets might feel a bit awkward, as you ask yourself how you jumped into such personal territory with people you’ve just met, but quickly you realize that the plumbing question is a very important one to consider when building a tiny house. Unlike a conventional house, where local building codes dictate many details of your household plumbing and restrict your choices to a very small number of decisions that are mostly aesthetic (PVC vs cast iron pipe, for example), a tiny house affords you a number of options when it comes to plumbing. The system you choose for dealing with human waste in a tiny house is determined by a number of factors; where you plan to park, whether any local codes affect your construction, your budget, and your willingness to interact with waste, chemicals, etc., all play a role in determining what toilet system best fits your tiny house. Here, we’ll consider the pros and cons of four different toilet options for tiny houses: traditional household toilets, RV-style toilets, chemical toilets, and composting toilets.

Traditional Household Plumbing

If your tiny house will be mostly stationary, with hookups to a sewer line or septic system, a conventional porcelain household toilet can be a fine option. You’re already (we hope!) familiar with the operation a standard flush toilet, so that’s one less lifestyle adjustment you’ll need to make if you’re downsizing from a larger house. The homes we craft at Build Tiny are sized to fit a full-sized household porcelain toilet, if the owner so desires.

Pros
  • Familiar operation for both residents and guests
  • Minimizes direct contact with human waste
  • May facilitate a tiny house’s compliance with local building codes*
Cons
  • Initial expenses include toilet and plumbing cost (from $150 to $500+) plus possible expert installation
  • Requires ongoing and continual access to a sewer or septic system for use
  • Uses significant quantities of water to flush and prevent odors
  • Additional expenses over time include sewage fees and/or septic tank maintenance

RV-Style Plumbing

If you’re planning to park your tiny house in RV campgrounds, or if you want to move with some frequency, an RV-style plumbing setup may fit your needs. Many RVs are equipped with holding tanks that capture and store black water (toilet waste) separate from gray water (from showers and sinks). RV toilets come in various sizes, but many models are sized to match full-sized household toilets.

Pros
  • Often uses less water than a traditional household toilet
  • Minimizes direct contact with human waste
  • Enables users to remain off-grid for days to months (depending on size of holding tank)
Cons
  • Requires access to pump-out facilities periodically to empty holding tank
  • Some plumbing is required to connect toilet with holding tank

Chemical Toilets

Chemical toilets, or port-a-potties, offer a self-contained option that requires no plumbing. Waste is captured and stored in a single unit, in which any of a number of chemical compounds is used to control odor and break down waste. Often these compounds have an artificial blue color, such as the water in an airplane lavatory. Once the unit is full, the waste is disposed either by the user or by a servicing company.

Pros
  • Minimizes water usage
  • Waste is broken down, controlling odor and reducing the volume for disposal
  • Self-contained units require no additional plumbing or holding tanks
Cons
  • Utilizes harsh chemicals, which users must handle when emptying unit
  • Some units may require expert servicing
  • Waste from some systems is toxic and requires specialty disposal

Composting Toilet

Composting toilets run the gamut from pricy electric units to simple, inexpensive DIY systems. These toilets use organic material, such as peat moss or wood shavings, to convert human waste into reusable organic compost. Many tiny house dwellers opt for composting toilets that can be custom-fit into small spaces.

Pros
  • Eco-friendly system utilizes only organic compounds
  • Easy to DIY
  • Requires no plumbing or additional storage tanks
  • DIY options are very inexpensive and simple – requiring as little as a five gallon bucket
Cons
  • Can be difficult to manage odors
  • May not be compliant with existing codes
  • Some commercial options require electricity for operation

What plumbing options are you considering for your tiny house? What have you done? Let us know in the comments!

 

*Build Tiny, LLC, cannot offer legal advice on zoning or code compliance. Check with your municipality for regulatory issues that may affect your construction.